Download E-books Periodic Tales: A Cultural History of the Elements, from Arsenic to Zinc PDF

By Hugh Aldersey-Williams

Within the spirit of A brief historical past of approximately Everything comes Periodic Tales. Award-winning technological know-how author Hugh Andersey-Williams deals readers an enthralling examine the elements—and the superb, little-known tales in the back of their discoveries. Periodic Tales is an lively and wide-ranging booklet of ideas and innovators, of superstition and technology and the myriad methods the chemical parts are woven into our tradition, historical past, and language. it's going to satisfaction readers of Genome, Einstein’s Dreams, Longitude, and The Age of Wonder

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Download E-books The Georgian Star: How William and Caroline Herschel Revolutionized Our Understanding of the Cosmos (Great Discoveries) PDF

“A shiny, glossy present to popular-science collections.”―Booklist

educated as a musician, novice scientist William Herschel chanced on overseas reputation after researching the planet Uranus in 1781. even though he's nonetheless top recognized for this discovering, his partnership along with his sister Caroline yielded different groundbreaking paintings that is affecting how we see the realm this present day. The Herschels made entire surveys of the evening sky, conscientiously categorizing each seen item within the void. Caroline wrote an influential catalogue of nebulae, and William found infrared radiation. Veteran technology author Michael D. Lemonick publications readers throughout the depths of the sun approach and into his topics’ inner most lives: William built extraordinary theories approximately population of the solar; he procured an unheard-of wage for Caroline from King George III whilst he hassled over the investment for an incredible, forty-foot telescope; and the siblings feuded over William’s marriage yet finally reconciled. nine illustrations

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Download E-books The Moral Landscape: How Science Can Determine Human Values PDF

By Sam Harris

Sam Harris’s first e-book, The finish of Faith, ignited a world debate concerning the validity of faith. within the aftermath, Harris found that almost all people—from spiritual fundamentalists to non-believing scientists—agree on one aspect: technology has not anything to claim just about human values. certainly, our failure to deal with questions of which means and morality via technology has now turn into the first justification for spiritual faith.

In this hugely debatable ebook, Sam Harris seeks to hyperlink morality to the remainder of human wisdom. Defining morality when it comes to human and animal future health, Harris argues that technological know-how can do greater than inform how we're; it may, in precept, let us know how we needs to be. In his view, ethical relativism is just false—and comes at an expanding rate to humanity. And the intrusions of faith into the field of human values might be eventually repelled: for simply as there's no such factor as Christian physics or Muslim algebra, there will be no Christian or Muslim morality. utilizing his services in philosophy and neuroscience, with his adventure at the entrance traces of our “culture wars,” Harris grants a game-changing e-book concerning the way forward for technological know-how and concerning the genuine foundation of human cooperation.

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Download E-books A Piece of the Sun: The Quest for Fusion Energy PDF

By Daniel Clery

Our quickly industrializing international has an insatiable starvation for power and standard resources are suffering to fulfill call for. Oil is operating out, coal is harmful our weather, many countries are forsaking nuclear, but sun, wind, and water seriously isn't a whole replacement.

the answer, says Daniel Clery during this deeply researched and revelatory ebook, is to be present in the unique power resource: the sunlight itself. There, at its heart, the fusion of 620 million lots of hydrogen each moment generates an unfathomable volume of strength. by means of replicating even a tiny piece of the Sun’s energy in the world, we will safe the entire warmth and effort we might ever need.

Nuclear fusion scientists have pursued this easy but remarkable ambition for many years. Skeptics say it is going to by no means paintings yet, as a section of the sunlight makes transparent, large-scale nuclear fusion is scientifically possible―and has many merits over different concepts. Fusion is fresh, eco-friendly and nearly unlimited and Clery argues passionately and eloquently that the single factor retaining us from proving its worthy is our legislators’ shortsightedness. the realm strength is worthy trillions of greenbacks, divert only a tiny fraction of that into studying fusion and we might quickly recognize whether it is workable.

well timed and authoritative, a section of the solar is a rousing call-to-arms to grab this opportunity of fending off the looming strength situation.

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Download E-books Invasion of the Body: Revolutions in Surgery PDF

By Nicholas L. Tilney

In 1913, the Peter Bent Brigham health center in Boston admitted its first sufferer, Mary Agnes Turner, who suffered from varicose veins in her legs. The surgical operation she got, below ether anesthesia, used to be the main complicated to be had on the time. on the similar health facility fifty years later, Nicholas Tilney—then a second-year resident—assisted within the fix of a big aortic aneurysm. The state-of-the-art diagnostic instruments he used to guage the patient’s situation may quickly be eclipsed by means of but extra subtle gear, together with minimally invasive methods and state of the art imaging know-how, which Tilney might draw on in pioneering organ transplant surgical procedure and turning into certainly one of its such a lot distinctive practitioners.

In Invasion of the Body, Tilney tells the tale of recent surgical procedure and the revolutions that experience reworked the sector: anesthesia, prevention of an infection, specialist criteria of competency, pharmaceutical advances, and the current turmoil in clinical schooling and healthiness care reform. Tilney makes use of as his level the recognized Boston instructing clinic the place he accomplished his residency and went directly to perform (now known as Brigham and Women's). His solid of characters comprises clinicians, help employees, trainees, sufferers, households, and diverse utilized scientists who push the revolutions forward.

whereas lauding the recommendations that experience introduced surgeons' features to heights undreamed of even a number of a long time in the past, Tilney additionally previews a hard destiny, as new capacities to extend existence and repair health and wellbeing run headlong into unsustainable bills. The authoritative voice he brings to the traditional culture of surgical invasion should be welcomed via sufferers, practitioners, and policymakers alike.

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Download E-books Creativity Flow and the Psychology of Discovery and Invention byCsikszentmihalyi PDF

Creativity is ready shooting these moments that make existence worthy dwelling. mythical psychologist Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi unearths what ends up in those moments-be it the buzz of the artist on the easel or the scientist within the lab-so that this information can be utilized to complement people's lives. Drawing on approximately 100 interviews with remarkable humans, from biologists and physicists, to politicians and company leaders, to poets and artists, in addition to his thirty years of study at the topic, Csikszentmihalyi makes use of his well-known movement idea to discover the inventive method. He discusses such principles as why inventive people are frequently obvious as egocentric and smug, and why the "tortured genius" is essentially a fable. most crucial, he explains why creativity should be cultivated and is important for the way forward for our state, if now not the area.

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Download E-books The Making of Modern Science: Science, Technology, Medicine and Modernity: 1789 - 1914 PDF

Of all of the innovations of the 19th century, the scientist is among the so much outstanding. In innovative France the technology pupil, taught through males energetic in study, used to be born; and a new release later, the graduate scholar doing a PhD emerged in Germany. In 1833 the note ‘scientist’ was once coined; 40 years later technology (increasingly specialized) was once a turning into a career. males of technology rivalled clerics and critics as sages; they have been honoured as nationwide treasures, and buried in nation funerals. Their new principles invigorated the lifetime of the brain. Peripatetic congresses, nice exhibitions, museums, technical schools and laboratories blossomed; and new industries in accordance with chemistry and electrical energy introduced prosperity and tool, financial and armed forces. Eighteenth-century steam engines preceded realizing of the physics underlying them; yet electrical telegraphs and automobiles have been utilized technology, dependent upon painstaking interpretation of nature. the tips, discoveries and innovations of scientists reworked the realm: lives have been longer and more fit, towns and empires grew, societies grew to become city instead of agrarian, the neighborhood turned worldwide. And through the hole years of the 20th century, technological know-how was once spreading past Europe and North the United States, and ladies have been starting to be noticeable within the ranks of scientists.

Bringing jointly the folks, occasions, and discoveries of this intriguing interval right into a vigorous narrative, this e-book could be crucial interpreting either for college kids of the historical past of technology and for someone drawn to the principles of the realm as we all know it this day.

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Download E-books Optical Magnetometry PDF

That includes chapters written by way of major specialists in magnetometry, this publication offers accomplished assurance of the rules, expertise and various purposes of optical magnetometry, from trying out primary legislation of nature to detecting biomagnetic fields and clinical diagnostics. Readers will discover a wealth of technical details, from antirelaxation-coating ideas, microfabrication and magnetic defensive to geomagnetic-field measurements, area magnetometry, detection of biomagnetic fields, detection of NMR and MRI indications and rotation sensing. The e-book contains an unique survey of the historical past of optical magnetometry and a bankruptcy at the advertisement use of those applied sciences. The ebook is supported via huge on-line fabric, containing historic overviews, derivations, sideline dialogue, extra plots and tables, on hand at www.cambridge.org/9781107010352. in addition to introducing graduate scholars to this box, the e-book is additionally an invaluable reference for researchers in atomic physics.

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Download E-books Questioning the Millennium: A Rationalist's Guide to a Precisely Arbitrary Countdown (Revised Edition) PDF

By Stephen Jay Gould

During this new version of Questioning the Millennium, best-selling writer Stephen Jay Gould applies his wit and erudition to 1 of ultra-modern such a lot urgent topics: the importance of the millennium.

In 1950 at age 8, caused by way of a topic of lifestyles journal marking the century's midpoint, Stephen Jay Gould begun wondering the impending flip of the millennium. during this attractive inquiry into time and its milestones, he stocks his curiosity and insights along with his readers. Refreshingly reasoned and soaking up, the publication asks and solutions the 3 significant questions that outline the impending calendrical occasion. First, what precisely is that this idea of a millennium and the way has its which means shifted? How did the identify for a destiny thousand-year reign of Jesus Christ on the earth get transferred to the passage of an earthly interval of 1000 years in present human background? whilst does the recent millennium relatively commence: January 1, 2000, or January 1, 2001? (Although doubtless trivial, the controversy over this factor tells an interesting tale in regards to the cultural heritage of the 20th century.) And why needs to our calendars be so advanced, resulting in our look for arbitrary regularity, together with a fascination with millennia? This revised variation starts off with a brand new and large preface on a key topic no longer handled within the unique version.

As consistently, Gould brings into his essays a variety of compelling historic and clinical truth, together with a short background of millennial fevers, calendrical traditions, and idiosyncrasies from all over the world; the tale of a sixth-century monk whose blunders in chronology plague us even this present day; and the heroism of a tender autistic guy who has built the extreme skill to calculate dates deep into the earlier and the future.

Ranging over a large terrain of phenomena--from the arbitrary regularities of human calendars to the unpredictability of nature, from the vagaries of popular culture to the start of Christ--Stephen Jay Gould holds up the replicate to our millennial passions to bare our foibles, absurdities, and uniqueness--in different phrases, our humanity.

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