This publication goals to dispel the parable that chinese language "doesn't have phrases" yet as a substitute "has characters." Jerome Packard demanding situations the typical trust that chinese language has no morphology, demonstrating how research of chinese language be aware formation complements our realizing of notice universals in usual language. His booklet describes the intimate dating among phrases and their parts and provides new insights into their evolution. types are provided for a way chinese language phrases are saved within the psychological lexicon and processed in normal speech.
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Additional resources for The Morphology of Chinese: A Linguistic and Cognitive Approach
The concept that of ‘head’ utilized to chinese language phrases . . . . . . ‘Canonical head’ vs. ‘virtual head’ ‘Semantic head’ vs. ‘structural head’ Headless phrases . The proposed research utilized to English . . . . . . unmarried branching correct branching Left branching 6 xi Lexicalization and chinese language phrases . . . . . Lexicalization and the relation among note and constituent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . traditional lexicalization Metaphorical lexicalization Asemantic lexicalization Agrammatical lexicalization whole lexicalization Validity of ‘degree of lexicalization’ different types of lexicalization and lexical strata Explaining exceptions to the Headedness precept . . . Phonetic loans Neologisms Left-modified verbs Zero-derived complicated nouns precipitated constituent reanalysis . . . different exceptions . . . . . . Systematic exceptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Semantic and grammatical aid in lexicalization different types of lexicalization Lexicalization and the provision of word-internal details Phonological info Morphological details Syntactic details: theta roles in advanced verbs . . . Availability of resultative V₂ argument constitution . . . Availability of ‘object’ theta roles to [V–O]V verbs . . . A word on non-head opacity . . Semantic details . Lexicalization and grammaticalization . Lexicalization and the formation of recent phrases . . . . old elements the trendy language . . . Abbreviation and mix (‘compounding’) xii . . The construction of latest morphemes in chinese language . . . so much new chinese language morphemes are certain roots 7 chinese language phrases and the lexicon . what's ‘the lexicon’? . The lexicon and lexical entry . Lexical entry in chinese language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . chinese language speech comprehension and the lexicon chinese language speech creation and the lexicon Experimental proof demonstrating whole-word processing The chinese language lexicon: what's ‘listed’? what's ‘listed’? : a suggestion chinese language characters and the lexicon personality sound and that means come from the traditional speech lexicon How do characters entry the lexicon? Is chinese language writing ‘ideographic’? eight chinese language phrases: conclusions . What have we chanced on approximately phrases? . the truth of the ‘word’ References Index Figures Prosodic hierarchy Syntax–Morphology interface Sadock and Selkirk structures in comparison A version of the chinese language lexicon Relation among lexical access and orthography Tables Relational descriptions of chinese language phrases ‘Syntactic’ descriptions of chinese language phrases phrases containing zhH ‘paper’ – phrases containing zIu ‘walk, move’ – phrases containing huà – phrases containing pái – phrases containing shí – phrases containing zhù – phrases containing zhèng – phrases containing zhC – instance of -zhG and -yuán 5 morpheme kinds chinese language notice kinds Noun observe kinds by means of shape category Verb note forms by means of shape type Resultative kinds – Verb–Object types – advanced noun and verb constructions certain root combos in English class of morphemes notice part houses attainable chinese language notice varieties estimated and real Mandarin notice kinds Noun notice constructions Verb note buildings Mandarin word-forming affixes English sure roots English word-forming affixes different types of lexicalization Lexicalization different types and lexical strata different exceptions to the Headedness precept which means transparency in neutral-toned phrases – Internally affixed phrases – Thematic roles Semantic opacity and metaphor in lexicalized phrases smooth Mandarin abbreviations – functionality phrases shaped via blend mixed content material phrases in glossy chinese language – construction of certain roots – Lexically indexed parts in chinese language xv Abbreviations AAM Adj Adv AFF ASP Aux BA CL Conj DE volume FLH LE LIH Mod N NOM NUM O PL PSC SEN SV V VRB Augmented Addressed Morphology adjective adverb aﬃx point marker auxiliary direct item marker ba classifier conjunction amendment marker de marker of volume complete directory speculation point marker le Lexical Integrity speculation marker of amendment noun nominalizing suﬃx quantity item plural word constitution situation sentential stative verb verb verbalizing suﬃx 1 | creation 1.